Xeriscaping is a fast-growing trend in land development. This method allows homeowners and developers to build beautiful gardens while conserving resources.
Xeriscaping is a way to garden while using the least amount of water possible. The “xeri” part of the name comes from the Greek word for “dry.” It is especially popular in states that do not get much rain or where the municipal water supply is inconsistent. In these areas, many regional plants do not need much water to survive, and these are the plants used in xeriscaping. It can be applied in small household gardens or larger areas like parks.
How Xeriscaping Is Implemented
As with any type of garden, xeriscaping requires advanced planning. This entails creating a simple map of the area and noting where new plants will be placed, as well as which plants will need to be removed. The plan also takes into account any new structures or furniture that will be added, like garden benches for your yard. In xeriscaping, natural grass is removed wherever possible, since it requires a moderate amount of water to maintain.
Xeriscaping includes using plants that grow locally whenever possible. This is because non-native plants may not thrive in this kind of garden. Choosing the location of plants within the garden is key to making xeriscaping work. A multi-tiered or sloped setup is often used, with the plants that require the most water at the bottom. Plants that need full sunlight all day should go on the west-most part of the garden to maximize sun exposure.
The watering system is perhaps the most important part of xeriscaping. To ensure even watering, many xeriscaped gardens use tubes to trickle water slowly and evenly to plants. The moisture in the soil needs to stay consistent so that the plants are getting just enough water without water going to waste.